Scans and tests help your team understand your condition.

Be sure to stick with a firm schedule of doctor visits, scans, and/or other tests, so that your treatment team knows what is changing or not changing in your condition. Here are the types of tests you may need.

Imaging tests

Imaging tests create a picture of what’s happening inside you through the use of magnetic fields, sound waves, x-rays, or radioactive substances. They can show how far a cancer has spread and whether treatment is working. Some types are:

  • Chest x-ray for masses or spots on the lungs
  • CT (computed tomography) scan using more precise x-rays
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan using radio waves and magnetic fields to create detailed pictures
  • PET (positron emission tomography) scan using a radioactive sugar to find out if the cancer has spread beyond the lungs
  • Bone scan using radioactive material to check if the cancer has moved to the bones
  • Ultrasound tests using instruments that are passed into the esophagus and send out sound waves that make an image of the inside of the chest

Biopsy procedures

Biopsy procedures are done to take a detailed and direct look at parts of your chest and gather tissue samples that can be examined in further tests. They are surgical procedures performed in an operating room when you’re in a deep sleep. Some types are:

  • Mediastinoscopy and mediastinotomy, involving small cuts in the neck or ribs to look at the area behind the breastbone or to reach lymph nodes
  • Thoracoscopy, which looks at the space between the lungs and chest wall
  • Bronchoscopy, using a thin bronchoscope tube with a light and lens, to examine the air passages leading to the lungs and the lungs themselves. May also include a tool for taking out tissue to be examined

Tests on biopsy samples

Tissues that are gathered in biopsy procedures are examined by a pathologist using several kinds of tests. The results are provided in a pathology report, generally within a week.

  • Molecular tests look for specific changes in the genes of cancer cells. These tests can point the way to treatments
  • Immunohistochemistry tests determine if some kinds of proteins will bind to certain substances in cancer cells

Other tests

  • Blood tests give your treatment team an overall picture of your health
  • PFTs (pulmonary function tests) measure how well your lungs are working by having you breathe through a tube connected to equipment that measures airflow

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Important Safety Information

Before taking IRESSA, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:

  • have lung or breathing problems
  • ever had liver problems
  • have vision or eye problems
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. IRESSA can harm your unborn baby.
    • Females who are able to become pregnant should use an effective method of birth control during treatment with IRESSA and for at least 2 weeks after the last dose of IRESSA. You should avoid becoming pregnant during treatment with IRESSA.
    • Tell your healthcare provider right away if you become pregnant during treatment with IRESSA.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if IRESSA passes into your breast milk. Do not breastfeed during treatment with IRESSA. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby during this time.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, or herbal supplements.

If you take a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), H2 blocker, or an antacid medicine, talk to your healthcare provider about the best time to take it during treatment with IRESSA.

If you take a blood thinner called warfarin, your healthcare provider should do blood tests regularly to check how fast your blood clots, during treatment with IRESSA.

 

What are the possible side effects of IRESSA?

IRESSA may cause serious side effects, including:

  • Lung or breathing problems. IRESSA may cause inflammation of the lung that may lead to death. Symptoms may be similar to those symptoms from lung cancer. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have any new or worsening lung problems, or any combination of the following symptoms: trouble breathing or shortness of breath, cough, or fever.
  • Liver problems. IRESSA may cause inflammation of the liver that may lead to death. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have any symptoms of a liver problem which may include: yellowing of your skin or the white part of your eyes (jaundice), dark or brown (tea colored) urine, light-colored bowel movements (stools), decreased appetite, or pain on the right side of your stomach (abdomen).Your healthcare provider will do blood tests to check your liver function during your treatment with IRESSA.
  • A tear in the wall of your stomach or intestines (perforation). Get emergency medical help right away if you have severe stomach (abdomen) pain.
  • Diarrhea. Diarrhea is common with IRESSA and can sometimes be severe. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have severe diarrhea or diarrhea that will not go away.
  • Eye problems. Tell your healthcare provider if you get watery eyes, sensitivity to light, blurred vision, eye pain, eye redness, or vision changes.
  • Skin reactions. Skin redness, rash, itching, and acne are common with IRESSA. This may occur on any part of your body. Get medical help right away if you develop severe skin reactions such as peeling or blistering of your skin.

IRESSA may cause fertility problems in females. Talk to your healthcare provider if you plan to become pregnant.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, or herbal supplements.

Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. These are not all the possible side effects of IRESSA. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is IRESSA?

IRESSA is a prescription medicine used to treat people with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that has spread to other parts of the body and:

  • that have certain types of abnormal epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) genes, and
  • who have not had previous treatment for cancer

Your healthcare provider will perform a test to make sure that IRESSA is right for you.

Please see full Prescribing Information including Patient Information.

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Important Safety Information

Before taking IRESSA, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:

  • have lung or breathing problems
  • ever had liver problems
  • have vision or eye problems
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. IRESSA can harm your unborn baby.
    • Females who are able to become pregnant should use an effective method of birth control during treatment with IRESSA and for at least 2 weeks after the last dose of IRESSA. You should avoid becoming pregnant during treatment with IRESSA.
    • Tell your healthcare provider right away if you become pregnant during treatment with IRESSA.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if IRESSA passes into your breast milk. Do not breastfeed during treatment with IRESSA. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby during this time.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, or herbal supplements.

If you take a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), H2 blocker, or an antacid medicine, talk to your healthcare provider about the best time to take it during treatment with IRESSA.

If you take a blood thinner called warfarin, your healthcare provider should do blood tests regularly to check how fast your blood clots, during treatment with IRESSA.

What are the possible side effects of IRESSA?

IRESSA may cause serious side effects, including:

  • Lung or breathing problems. IRESSA may cause inflammation of the lung that may lead to death. Symptoms may be similar to those symptoms from lung cancer. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have any new or worsening lung problems, or any combination of the following symptoms: trouble breathing or shortness of breath, cough, or fever.
  • Liver problems. IRESSA may cause inflammation of the liver that may lead to death. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have any symptoms of a liver problem which may include: yellowing of your skin or the white part of your eyes (jaundice), dark or brown (tea colored) urine, light-colored bowel movements (stools), decreased appetite, or pain on the right side of your stomach (abdomen).Your healthcare provider will do blood tests to check your liver function during your treatment with IRESSA.
  • A tear in the wall of your stomach or intestines (perforation). Get emergency medical help right away if you have severe stomach (abdomen) pain.
  • Diarrhea. Diarrhea is common with IRESSA and can sometimes be severe. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have severe diarrhea or diarrhea that will not go away.
  • Eye problems. Tell your healthcare provider if you get watery eyes, sensitivity to light, blurred vision, eye pain, eye redness, or vision changes.
  • Skin reactions. Skin redness, rash, itching, and acne are common with IRESSA. This may occur on any part of your body. Get medical help right away if you develop severe skin reactions such as peeling or blistering of your skin.

IRESSA may cause fertility problems in females. Talk to your healthcare provider if you plan to become pregnant.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, or herbal supplements.

Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. These are not all the possible side effects of IRESSA. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.

You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is IRESSA?

IRESSA is a prescription medicine used to treat people with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that has spread to other parts of the body and:

  • that have certain types of abnormal epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) genes, and
  • who have not had previous treatment for cancer

Your healthcare provider will perform a test to make sure that IRESSA is right for you.

Please see full Prescribing Information including Patient Information.